Prenatal care may be understood as the medical care and nursing given to a lady before and during her pregnancy. For most women pregnancy is a very joyful moment. The feeling of bringing a new life to this world is emotional and over whelming. Mothers need to observe special care during this period as it also marks the wellness of the unborn child.
The course of prenatal development lasts approximately for 266 days, beginning with fertilization and ending with birth. This duration requires special care and attention towards the expecting mother. A woman pregnant with a child is required to take certain things into consideration. Consumption of any kind of psychoactive substance like alcohol and drugs for an expecting mother is a definite no. Intake of such substances can be devastating to the offspring.
Diet is very important during this time. Besides dietary and prenatal vitamins, the expecting mother should include a lot of fresh fruit and vegetables. A malnourished mother will deliver a weak baby which is again not good.
It should not be ignored that the emotional state of an expecting mother greatly affects the fetus. When a pregnant woman experiences intense fear, anxieties and other emotional and psychological changes occur that may affect the fetus in the womb. A mother should be relieved from any sort of stress during her pregnancy. Studies have shown that positive emotional state makes a difference to the growthof the fetus. Therefore a lady expecting a child should be happy and positive always. Music therapy is highly recommended for pregnant women as it has clam the body and mind.
Certain measures to make the house safe for pregnant women are also very necessary. As pregnancy advances, it becomes difficult for ladies to move around comfortably.
The fathers or the husband’s role is also a part of pre natal care. He should be responsible and caring towards his wife or the mother of his unborn child. Accompanying her for all the doctors appointment is one such gesture which can gives a lot of confidence to a lady.